Roman soldiers guarding the Via Salaria route received part of their payment in salt. This part was called "salarium argentum" (salt aggregate). From there comes the word "salary." However, do not salt the first thing that was used to pay a salary or salary. The first was beer. Cervezario About 5000 years ago, people who lived in the city of Uruk, in modern Iraq, wrote in a language called cuneiform, one of the oldest forms of written expression.